Curtain wall details pdf

Curtain wall details pdf

The Research and Development Division of Toro Aluminum provides technical and physical support, and brings continuous product development through design, testing and planning to provide the customer with the most advanced product on the market. Use state-of-the-art equipment and technology ensuring customers receive a product that meets their requirements.

Provide quality research and information as a fundamental part of the technical support to our customers. We employ two types of testing, quality control and the use of an in-house chamber, in which air, water or structural tests can be conducted. If any changes, modifications or improvements are made, the product is retested and recertified.

An impeccably organized shipping facility ensures timely delivery of products. Safely and swiftly, you can expect our highly methodized system to follow through on its shipping promise. At Toro, we strive to ensure our clients are confident and happy with the results of our work together. As such, their ongoing feedback is important to us. West Canada Projects Coming Soon.Curtain wall systems clad a building envelope with glass and aluminum to protect the interior from the elements and creates a safe and comfortable work environment for the building occupants.

Curtain walls are designed to only carry their own weight. The wall transfers wind loads to the main building structure, also known as the main wind force resisting system MWFRSat connection points in the floors or columns of the building.

A curtain wall is designed to resist air and water infiltration, as well as, sway created by wind and seismic forces, and its own weight. Curtain walls may span from floor to floor, used in punched opening applications, or span multiple floors, and take into consideration design requirements such as: thermal expansion and contraction; building sway and movement; water diversion; and thermal efficiency for cost-effective heating, cooling, and lighting in the building.

YKK AP offers a range of installation and aesthetic options to meet your project needs. Our curtain wall systems are available with; inside, outside or structurally glazed options. Our stick built, unitized, and cassette carrier frame system options are available with many site lines and mullion depths allowing you to control cost by selecting the ideal mullion depth for your opening size and design pressure requirements.

Optional face covers expand design flexibility. YKK AP offers a complete suite of tools and engineering services to assist in proper system selection, specification, and installation, contact your local sales representative for more information. Learn more about EPDs. YCW XT yields best-in-class thermal performance and exceeds not only current codes, but also exceeds the most stringent green building codes and standards in the market today.

The popular YCW family of products has been expanded to include 4-side structural silicone glazing. This stick built system is designed for glazing either in the field or in a climate controlled environment for increased quality assurance of critical seals. YHC OG is a high performance curtain wall system designed and tested to provide innovative impact and blast solutions for a wide range of applications and design pressures from 45 PSF all the way to PSF.

Curtain Wall Curtain wall systems clad a building envelope with glass and aluminum to protect the interior from the elements and creates a safe and comfortable work environment for the building occupants. View Product. Need Specs? Go to the technical product guide.The GammaStone AIR panels are applicable with the most common profiles for curtain wall on the market.

They can be installed either with structural silicones or with profile stoppers. The use of panels profile stoppers allows the construction of the facade with "frames". GammaStone AIR panels are installable with the common curtain walls profiles available on the market. They can be installed both with structural silicone both with frames.

Architecture, Design and Evolution in the world of construction and materials. Trends, news, events The GammaStone AIR panel lends can be used perfectly as the infilling element of in curtain walls, both with mechanical retention both with structural one.

Free Curtain Wall Details

Regardless of the technology used for the structure of the curtain wall mullion or transom, independent cells, or more traditional windowsthe GammaStone AIR panels can be used as infill ensuring the highest value external finish. It also provide the best protection from flames coming from the inside of the building thanks to the steel sheet on the back of the panel itself.

In this way, the fulfilling is completely incombustible from flame coming from the inside or the outside the building. The rear stainless steel sheet is also perfectly compatible with the normal structural silicone mono and bi-component used in window frames for structural bonding of the glass and sheet metal panels.A curtain wall is defined as thin, usually aluminum-framed wall, containing in-fills of glass, metal panels, or thin stone.

The framing is attached to the building structure and does not carry the floor or roof loads of the building. The wind and gravity loads of the curtain wall are transferred to the building structure, typically at the floor line.

Aluminum framed wall systems date back to the 's, and developed rapidly after World War II when the supply of aluminum became available for non-military use. Curtain wall systems range from manufacturer's standard catalog systems to specialized custom walls. Custom walls become cost competitive with standard systems as the wall area increases.

This section incorporates comments about standard and custom systems. It is recommended that consultants be hired with an expertise in custom curtain wall design for projects that incorporate these systems. The following are brief descriptions of commonly used curtain wall framing methods and components.

Curtain walls can be classified by their method of fabrication and installation into the following general categories: stick systems and unitized also known as modular systems. In the stick system, the curtain wall frame mullions and glass or opaque panels are installed and connected together piece by piece. In the unitized system, the curtain wall is composed of large units that are assembled and glazed in the factory, shipped to the site and erected on the building.

Vertical and horizontal mullions of the modules mate together with the adjoining modules.

curtain wall details pdf

Modules are generally constructed one story tall and one module wide but may incorporate multiple modules. Typical units are five to six feet wide. Curtain walls can also be classified as water managed or pressure-equalized systems.

Curtain Walls

See Moisture Protection below. Both the unitized and stick-built systems are designed to be either interior or exterior glazed systems. Interior and exterior glazed systems offer different advantages and disadvantages. Interior glazed systems allow for glass or opaque panel installation into the curtain wall openings from the interior of the building.

Details are not provided for interior glazed systems because air infiltration is a concern with interior glazed systems. Interior glazed systems are typically specified for applications with limited interior obstructions to allow adequate access to the interior of the curtain wall. For low rise construction with easy access to the building, outside glazing is typically specified.

For high-rise construction interior glazing is sometimes used due to access and logistics of replacing glass from a swing stage.However, in common usage, the term curtainwall usually refers to aluminium- framed systems carrying glass, panels, louvers, or occasionally, granite or marble.

A curtain wall is defined as thin, usually aluminium-framed wall, containing in-fills of glass, metal panels, or thin stone. The framing is attached to the building structure and does not carry the floor or roof loads of the building.

Cladding System The Curtain Wall. The Curtain Wall The first steel-framed skyscrapers, built late in the 19th century, introduced the concept of the curtain wall, an exterior cladding supported at each story by the frame. The name curtain wall derives from the idea that the wall is thin and hangs like a curtain on the structural frame.

Stick systems have a high degree of ability to adjust to unforeseen site conditions, but they must be assembled on site, under highly variable conditions, rather than in a factory with its ideal tooling, controlled environmental conditions, and lower wage rates. Cladding System. The earliest curtain walls were constructed of masonry. The principal advantage of the curtain wall is that, because it bears no vertical load, it can be thin and light in weight regardless of the height of the building, as compared to a masonry load-bearing wall, which may become prohibitively t hick and weighty at the base of a very tall building.

Curtain walls may be constructed of any noncombustible material that is suitable for exposure to the weather. They may be either constructed in place or prefabricated.

Curtain walls may be made of masonry and concrete or made of metal and glass. Some types of walls are constructed in place, and others are prefabricated, but all are supported by the frame of the building. Modes of Assembly Metal curtain wall systems can be classified according to their degree or mode of assembly at the time of installation on the building. Many metal-and-glass curtain walls are furnished as stick systems whose principal components are metal mullions and rectangular panels of glass and spandrel material that are assembled in place on the building.

The unit system of curtain wall installation takes full advantage of factory assembly and minimizes on site labor, but the units require more space during shipping and more protection from damage than stick system components. The unit-and-mullion system which is seldom used today, offers a middle ground between the stick and unit systems. The panel system is made up of homogenous units that are formed from metal sheet.

Its advantages and disadvantages are similar to those of the unit system, but its production involves the higher tooling costs of a custom- made die or mold, which makes it advantageous only for a building that requires a large number of identical panels. The column-cover-and-spandrel system emphasizes the structural module of the building rather than creating its own grid on the facade, as the previously described systems do. A custom design must be created for each project because there is no standard column or floor spacing for buildings.

Special care is required in detailing the spandrel panel support to ensure that the panels do not deflect when loads are applied to the spandrel beams of the building frame; otherwise, the window strips could be subjected to loadings that would deform the mullions and crack the glass. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read Free For 30 Days. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

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curtain wall details pdf

Curtain Walls. Uploaded by twinkle Date uploaded Mar 01, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Description: Curtain Walls- Building Construction. Flag for inappropriate content.The Alumicor family of products is an exclusive and comprehensive lineup that is intended to be used to complete almost any building design project. We want to communicate with you some of the actions we are implementing. This will mean interaction with your Alumicor outside sales team members will rely more heavily on communications via phone, email and text messaging instead of client office visits.

We will rely on our strong relationships with you over the next number of weeks to interact remotely. While our Customer service people are working from home, they will have all the same capabilities they had in the office environment and we do not anticipate any customer impact.

Operations and Supply Chain We are continuing to run all fabrication sites and do not anticipate any customer impact. However, we are preparing to migrate fabrication activities should we have a circumstance that requires us to temporarily cease operations in any one of our locations.

Our vendor supply is currently in good shape but we are again preparing, should we have trouble from some of our vendors in the future. We have increased efforts to have alternative suppliers for select items. We do not anticipate broad delays to our schedules but we have experienced minor delays on specific custom orders.

Shipping and Receiving Customer pickups, common carrier pickups, and customer and vendor drop offs are continuing to take place. We have, however, restricted access to inside our facilities.

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Vendors are permitted to drop off items at receiving but are not permitted to enter facilities. Customer Visits We are temporarily stopping visits to our facilities. If you believe there is a special circumstance that requires a facility or office visit please contact your local sales representative to discuss options. We are monitoring the situation carefully and will continue to communicate as necessary.

Please inquire for specialty products. Construction Project Schedules: We are expecting some projects will experience schedule delays or changes due to the current situation and we appreciate proactive communication with us so we can plan accordingly to minimize any disruption to you. We welcome your questions and feedback as events are changing rapidly. Please continue to take the appropriate safety measures that protect your employees, families and businesses.

Well done!! TBT slide into a glimpse of Alumicor past Duraslide sliders on some noteworthy buildings! View latest edition here. View latest product updates here. Please login below to access our product drawings. If you do not have a password, you can register here. The protected area of the Alumicor website, and all electronic drawing files are proprietary and confidential information of Alumicor Limited.

Any further distribution, reproduction or any other unauthorized use of the information within without prior written consent from Alumicor Limited is strictly prohibited. I forgot my password. Our Products Curtain Wall. Search Go.See my curtain wall essay for more details. On the other hand, it is most often associated with gridded systems of metal mullions and rails mostly aluminum and glass. Glass "lites" as big as 3' x 4' were produced during classical Roman times; the 10th century production of glass was centered in Murano, Italy, and was based on the creation of flat panes from cylinders or spheres the latter producing "crown" glass.

By the 17th century, glass was "cast" in the form of plate glass, especially for fine mirrors, but this process required much grinding and polishing, and was not particularly economical. Joseph Paxton's Crystal Palace in London actually used a high-tech for its time version of the cylinder process. Modern glazing had it's start only in with the invention of the "float" glass process by Pilkington. Float glass is "cast" in a continuous manufacturing process onto a bed of molten tin, creating smooth surfaces that do not need further treatment.

Such glass is annealed slowly cooledand is the primary glass product used in building. Float glass production process image source. The primary ingredient, sand, is readily available. Glass is, according to legend, not a solid, but rather a "super-cooled liquid" with an open noncrystaline microstructure. Actually, it is neither a liquid — supercooled or otherwise — nor a solid. It is an amorphous solid — a state somewhere between those two states of matter.

And yet glass's liquid-like properties are not enough to explain thicker-bottomed windows, because glass atoms move too slowly for any changes to be visible. Tempered glass starts off as ordinary annealed glass, but is reheated to degrees F, then cooled rapidly to introduce — on purpose — residual stresses that bring the surfaces into compression.

This makes the glass stronger 4x as strong as ordinary annealed glass because the induced compression prevents brittle tensile fracture, the "achilles heel" of ordinary glass. Note that tempered glass must be cut before it is tempered, since once tempered, it cannot be modified. Tempered glass when broken image source. Tempered glass, if broken, will shatter into small, smooth fragments, so it is actually safer than ordinary glass, which will break into larger, sharper pieces shards.

curtain wall details pdf

It is therefore often specified for "safety glazing" applications. Heat-strengthened glass is similar to tempered glass, but is not reheated to the same extent.

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